HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language – is the standard and convention language that is use to create web pages. It defines the structure and the layout of a web document by making use of a variety of tags and attributes. It is similar to SGML in most aspects but is not as strict a subset as SGML. This article is aimed to be a description of HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language, and provide sufficient information to make the reader have a general view of what it entails.

HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language, is a set of markup symbols that are inserted in a file that is intended to be displayed in a World Wide Web browser page. The markup is important as it tells the web browser how to display a web pages words and images when the user clicks to read and view them. Each markup code is referred to as an element but the greater majority of the people refer to it as a tag. Some tags come in pairs which are important in indicating when a certain display effect is to start and when it is to end.

Hyper Text Markup Language is a formal recommendation of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and is in general adhered to by most of the browsers. A good example is Microsoft’s Internet Explorer and Netscape’s Navigator, which also provide additional codes that are non-standard.

The current Hyper Text Markup Language is HTML 4.0 but browsers like Internet Explorer and Netscape make use of some of the features differently and also provide extensions that are none standard. Web developers that make use of the more advanced feature of HTM 4 may be forced to develop pages that are compatible with both browsers and send out the appropriate version to a user. Features in HTML 4 that are significant are sometimes described in general as dynamic HTML. There is something that is sometimes referred to as HTML 5 and which is an extensible form of HTML which is called Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML).

As already described, Hyper Text Markup Language describes the structure and the layout of a web page. This it does by using a variety of available tags and attributes. The correct structure of an Hyper Text Markup Language document starts with (a description of what the web document is all about) and ends with . All the information that the user intends to appear in the web page should fit in between the and tags. Anything outside that may bring complications or may not be reflected in the web page.

HTML Example
Small HTML document
< !DOCTYPE html>

My First Heading

My first paragraph.

There are hundreds of other tags that are used in the formatting and layout of the information that is to appear in the web page. Tags are used in the specification of hypertext links. These allow the web developers to direct the users of the web to other web pages byjust the click of the mouse on either words in the initial web page or words. For more information on this I refer the reader to the WC3 website.

In conclusion, there is a lot of content to be covered about Hyper Text Markup Language such that it cannot all be condensed in few paragraphs. However, this article has looked at the basics that can give the reader a general view of what it is. It is therefore recommended that the reader seeks more information in the library or even online.

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